This page represents a few of the mansions built by the Jews in Calcutta for residential or commercial use:
The Esplanade Mansions, at the corner of Esplanade Row East and Old Court House Street,
The Chowringhee Mansions, at the intersection of Chowringhee Road and Kyd Street, presently housing several offices,
Solomon Mansions at 7, Royd Street, which belonged to the David Sassoon family, and
Manasseh Meyer Mansion, 300 B B Ganguly Street, Bowbazaar.
"If Calcutta was once called the city of palaces, it is more likely it owed its name to stately buildings like Esplanade Mansions. Despite being a residential block there is nothing mundane about the existence of this imposing building which looks as stately as the public buildings which stand in the neighbourhood. Located at the corner of Esplanade Row East and Old Court House Street overlooking the Raj Bhavan and the Maidan, it is certainly one of the cynosures of this city.
Esplanade Mansions were built in 1910 by contractors Martin & Co. This was one of the many illustrious properties in Calcutta which was owned by Elias Ezra, a well known Jewish business magnate. Ezra had amassed great wealth and respect in Calcutta. ...Montague Massey wrote “The extensive pile of buildings that confronts us at the outset was as we know, erected by Mr Ezra on the spot formally occupied by Scott Thompson’s shop and the two adjoining houses, the one nearest being the residence of the manager of the firm and the other for a considerable time by Morrison & Cottle, the saddlers. The mansions contain 24 flats.” In league with other massive colossal structures in the city including Chowringhee Mansions and Ezra Mansions it was built in an era when labour was considerably cheap...On the ground floor facing the Raj Bhavan, the Esplanade Mansions house the office of the Chief Public Relations Officer of the Eastern Railways. On the side which faces the Curzon Park, it houses the Railway Claims Tribunal where the Vice Chairman & Member Technical have their offices. LIC also has its offices and Rest Houses in this iconic building...For the connoisseurs of art and architecture living in Kolkata, the century-old Esplanade Mansions are a must see."
- from Kolkata on Wheels magazine, http://kolkataonwheelsmagazine.com/article-details/esplanade-mansions.html